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Texts from these codices which have been separately published are placed in this section.
As a result of the publication of the Nag Hammadi library, our understanding of gnosis has been substantially enriched and modified.
Once the texts had become available, gnosis scholarship became a fruitful field of research which also shed light on the early Christian tradition. have been placed separately in this section because of his pioneering work in the field of gnostic and Hermetic studies.
The study of gnosis as a scholarly discipline started in the 19th century and is carried on by scholars all over the world: Gilles Quispel, Kurt Rudolph, Roelof van den Broek, Elaine Pagels and many others were or are modern gnosis scholars. He published various gnostic source texts in English translation, and also wrote about the tradition of gnosis in The Quest, the periodical he founded.
These same texts increasingly serve as sources of inspiration for modern religious feeling. As for the Hermetica, he was convinced, with the German scholar Richard Reitzenstein, that there were Egyptian influences in the Corpus Hermeticum; an insight recently affirmed by modern scholars like J.-P. For over a thousand years, Manichaeism was an important world religion which, having its roots in ancient Babylon, spread to the West and, via the Silk Road, also to the East. 400; discovered in 1969) which narrates the life and spiritual growth of Mani, the founder of this religion.
The Cologne Mani Codex, a Greek text found in Egypt, and the Tebessa Codex, a Latin text found in Algeria, are of major importance for the study of Mani and Manichaeism.
The most important Manichaean source texts were discovered in the early 20th century and subsequently a beginning was made with codicological and philological descriptions.
The sources have not yet been fully described, but considerable progress is now being made.
Manichaean literature and art were discovered in Turfan and Dunhuang in China at the beginning of the 20th century: texts in Chinese, Middle-Iranian and Turkish.
This wide collecting area includes several sub-collections acquired to contextualize the collecting areas Hermetica, Alchemy, Mysticism and Rosicrucianism.
The Nag Hammadi library is the name given to a spectacular discovery of predominantly gnostic texts dating to the first centuries CE which were found near Nag Hammadi in Egypt in 1945.
The complete Nag Hammadi library consists of 13 codices (with 52 texts in all).